Praise be to Allah; we praise Him, seek His forgiveness, and turn to Him in repentance. We seek refuge with Him from the evils of our souls and the evils of our deeds. Whomever Allah guides, none can misguide, and whomever Allah leads astray, none can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
Linguistically, the Arabic word Qur’an means recitation. It is the verbal noun of the Arabic word Qara’ (to recite). According to its Islamic terminology and usage, Qur’an means the Book of Allah the All Mighty All Wise. The Noble Qur’an are exact words of Allah (s.w.t.) that He related to The Angel Jibreel (a.s.) who in turns related them to The Prophet and Final Messenger of Allah (s.w.t). Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (s.A.a.w.s). The Qur’an represents the first of the two Islamic Scriptures. The Ahadeeths [authentic collections of the Sayings of The Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.)] is the second scripture. Allah (s.w.t.) said:
قُلۡ مَن كَانَ عَدُوًّ۬ا لِّجِبۡرِيلَ فَإِنَّهُ ۥ نَزَّلَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ قَلۡبِكَ بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ مُصَدِّقً۬ا لِّمَا بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡهِ وَهُدً۬ى وَبُشۡرَىٰ لِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ (٩٧)
“Say (O Muhammad (s.A.a.w.s.) ‘Whoever is an enemy to Jibriil, for indeed he has brought it (this Qur’an) down to your heart by Allah’s permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah) and Injeel (Gospel) and guidance and glad tidings for the believers.” Al-Qur’an 2:97.
A Truth from Allah the All Mighty All Wise
Al-Qur’an is a very unique and distinctive book which is unlike no other book. It is a completely distinctive Book because, it contains unabridged statements of truth from Allah (s.w.t.) Unlike scriptures before it such as the Injeel (Bible) and the Taurat (Torah) that were tampered with by enemies of Allah (s.w.t.), the Qur’an in its uniqueness has been save guarded by Allah (s.w.t.) who promised us in the Qur’an that He will protect the Book Allah (s.w.t.) said:
إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَزَّلۡنَا ٱلذِّكۡرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ ۥ لَحَـٰفِظُونَ (٩)
“Verily, We , it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).” Al-Qur’an 15:9.
وَبِٱلۡحَقِّ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ وَبِٱلۡحَقِّ نَزَلَۗ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرً۬ا وَنَذِيرً۬ا (١٠٥)
“And with truth We have sent it down (i.e. the Qur’an), and with the truth it has been descended. And We have sent you (O Muhammad) as nothing but a bearer of glad tidings (of paradise for those who follow your Message of Islamic Monotheism), and a Warner (of Hell-fire for those who refuse to follow your Message of Islamic Monotheism).” Al-Qur’an 17:105.
“All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to His slave Muhammad the Book (the Qur’an), and has not placed therein any crookedness.” Al-Qur’an 18:1).”
“And say: ‘The truth is from your Rabb.’ Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve….” Al-Qur’an 18:29.
Book of Guidance for the Believers
Al-Qur’an is a Book which contains instructions of The Creator, Allah (s.w.t.) to His creatures. Allah (s.w.t.) revealed instructions in the Qur’an as guidance for those who wished to be guided. Those who recognize the truth from their Rabb and Cherisher when it is been rehearsed to them. Allah (s.w.t.) said:
ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبُ لَا رَيۡبَۛ فِيهِۛ هُدً۬ى لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ (٢)
“This is the Book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious believers of Islamic Monotheism who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)].” Al-Qur’an 2:2.
Book of Mercy for the Believers
Linguistically, the Arabic word Rahmaan means to be very full of mercy, or to be overflowing with mercy. Allah (s.w.t.) is Ar-Rahmaan, (The Most Merciful, or the most Full of Mercy). He forgives us because of His Mercy, He provides Risq (Foods and Provisions) for us because of His mercy. After providing for us all what we may need on earth as human beings, Allah (s.w.t.) sent down the Qur’an to the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) because of His Abundant Mercy.
Allah (s.w.t.) said;
تِلۡكَ ءَايَـٰتُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ (٢) هُدً۬ى وَرَحۡمَةً۬ لِّلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ (٣) ٱلَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤۡتُونَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَهُم بِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ هُمۡ يُوقِنُونَ (٤) أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ عَلَىٰ هُدً۬ى مِّن
رَّبِّهِمۡۖ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ (٥) وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَشۡتَرِى
“These are the Verses of the Wise Book (the Qur’an). A guide and a mercy for the Muhsiniun (good doers). Those who perform As-Salaat (Iqamat –as-Salaat) and give Zakaat and they have faith in the Hereafter with certainty. Such are on guidance from their Lord, and such are the successful.” Al-Qur’an 31:2-5.
“Certainly, We have brought them a Book (the Qur’an) which We have explained in detail with knowledge, – a guidance and a mercy to a people who believe.” Al-Qur’an 7:52.
Book of Wisdom.
Al-Qur’an is the book of wisdom because, it was composed by Allah (s.w.t.) The All Mighty, The All Wise. Allah (s.w.t.) used many stories, similes, and metaphors in the Qur’an to teach us patience in order that we may learn wisdom.
Allah (s.w.t.) said: الٓرۚ تِلۡكَ ءَايَـٰتُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ ٱلۡحَكِيمِ
“Alif-Lâm-Râ. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’ân, and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Book (the Qur’ân) Al-Hakîm.” Al-Qur’an 10:1
إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ قُرۡءَٲنًا عَرَبِيًّ۬ا لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ (٢)
“Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand.” (Al-Qur’an 12:2).
Book of Knowledge.
Al-Qur’anul-Kareem is a Book which contains knowledge of The Creator Allah (s.w.t.) and His creatures. Al-Qur’an contains knowledge for all ages. It contains knowledge of events before we were created, knowledge of events when we were being created, knowledge about previous generations, knowledge about our present generations, and knowledge about upcoming future generation.
1- Knowledge of events before our creation includes when Allah (s.w.t) asked all creatures to accept the responsibilities as His vicegerent on earth but they all refused except man. Allah (s.w.t.) said:
إِنَّا عَرَضۡنَا ٱلۡأَمَانَةَ عَلَى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلۡجِبَالِ فَأَبَيۡنَ أَن يَحۡمِلۡنَہَا وَأَشۡفَقۡنَ مِنۡہَا وَحَمَلَهَا ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ كَانَ ظَلُومً۬ا جَهُولاً۬ (٧٢)
“Truly, We did offer Al-Amaanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth , and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allah’s Torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust to (himself) and ignorant (of its result).” Al-Qur’an 33:72.
وَإِذۡ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنۢ بَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ مِن ظُهُورِهِمۡ ذُرِّيَّتَہُمۡ وَأَشۡہَدَهُمۡ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِہِمۡ أَلَسۡتُ بِرَبِّكُمۡۖ قَالُواْ بَلَىٰۛ شَهِدۡنَآۛ أَن تَقُولُواْ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ إِنَّا ڪُنَّا عَنۡ هَـٰذَا غَـٰفِلِينَ (١٧٢)
“And (remember) when your Rabb (Lord and Cherisher) brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin, his offspring) and made them testified as to themselves (saying): ‘Am I not your Rabb (Lord) ? ‘They said: ‘Yes! We testify,’ lest you should say on the day of Resurrection: ‘Verily, we have been unaware of this.” Al-Qur’an 7:172.
2- Knowledge of events during our creation include when Allah (s.w.t.) informed us how He created our fore father Prophet Aadam (a.s.). Allah (s.w.t.) said:
وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ مِن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ (٢٦) وَٱلۡجَآنَّ خَلَقۡنَـٰهُ مِن قَبۡلُ مِن نَّارِ ٱلسَّمُومِ (٢٧) وَإِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقُۢ بَشَرً۬ا مِّن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬
مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ (٢٨) فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُ ۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِى فَقَعُواْ لَهُ ۥ سَـٰجِدِينَ (٢٩) فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ڪُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ (٣٠) إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ أَبَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (٣١)
“And indeed, We created man from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud. And the Jinn, We created before from the smokeless flame of fire. And (remember) when your Rabb (Lord and Cherisher) said to the Angels: ‘I am going to create a man (Adam) from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud. So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adaam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him. So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Ibliis (As-Shaithaan or the Devil)- he refused to be among those who prostrated.” Al-Qur’an 15:26-31.
3- Previous Generations: Knowledge of previous generation in the Qur’an includes stories of Prophets of Allah (s.w.t). Allah (s.w.t.) informed us of these beautiful stories about His Prophets (a.s.) in order that we may learn wisdom. Stories such as Prophet Yuusuf (a.s.), Prophet Muusa (a.s.) Prophet Ibraaheem (a.s.) Prophet Eesa (a.s.) and of course the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.)
نَحۡنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيۡكَ أَحۡسَنَ ٱلۡقَصَصِ بِمَآ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ وَإِن ڪُنتَ مِن قَبۡلِهِۦ لَمِنَ ٱلۡغَـٰفِلِينَ (٣) إِذۡ قَالَ يُوسُفُ لِأَبِيهِ يَـٰٓأَبَتِ إِنِّى رَأَيۡتُ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كَوۡكَبً۬ا
وَٱلشَّمۡسَ وَٱلۡقَمَرَ رَأَيۡتُہُمۡ لِى سَـٰجِدِينَ (٤)
“We relate to you (O Muhammad) the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you, of this Qur’an. And before this (i.e. before the coming of Divine Revelation to you), you were among those who knew nothing about it (the Qur’an). (Remember) when Yuusuf (Joseph) said to his father: O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon- I saw them prostrating themselves to me.” Al-Qur’an 12:3-4.
4- He (s.w.t.) also informed us of stories of unjust rulers and nations who refused to recognize the truth that Allah’s (s.w.t.) Messengers brought them. Nations such as the nation of Prophet Noah, and Prophet Hud and the people of Aad, Prophet Saalih and the people of Thamuud. And of course we learnt a great deal about Prophet Muusa (a.s.) and his difficult encounters with fir’aoun and the children of Isreal. Allah (s.w.t.) said:
وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ يَـٰفِرۡعَوۡنُ إِنِّى رَسُولٌ۬ مِّن رَّبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (١٠٤)
“And Mussa said: ‘O fir’aoun (pharaoh)! Verily, I am a Messenger from the Rabb (Lord and Cherisher) of the ‘Aalamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).” Al-Qur’an 7:104.
وَلَقَدۡ أَرۡسَلۡنَا نُوحًا إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِۦۤ إِنِّى لَكُمۡ نَذِيرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ (٢٥) أَن لَّا تَعۡبُدُوٓاْ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَۖ إِنِّىٓ أَخَافُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ عَذَابَ يَوۡمٍ أَلِيمٍ۬ (٢٦)
“And indeed We sent Nuuh (Prophet Noah) to his people (and he said): ‘I have come to you as a plain warner. That you worship none but Allah; surely, I fear for you a torment of a painful Day.” Al-Qur’an 11:25-26.
وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمۡ صَـٰلِحً۬اۚ قَالَ يَـٰقَوۡمِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ مَا لَكُم مِّنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ غَيۡرُهُ ۥۖ هُوَ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱسۡتَعۡمَرَكُمۡ فِيہَا فَٱسۡتَغۡفِرُوهُ ثُمَّ تُوبُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِۚ إِنَّ رَبِّى قَرِيبٌ۬ مُّجِيبٌ۬ (٦١)
” And to Thamuud people ( We sent) their brother Saalih. He said: O my people! Worship Allah: you have no other ilah (god) but Him. He brought you forth from the earth and settle you therein, then ask forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Rabb (Lord) is near (to all by His knowledge), Responsively.” Al-Qur’an 11:61.
As we can see from the above sited examples that, virtues of the Noble Qur’an are numerous. Allah (s.w.t.) The All Mighty, All Wise has sent us His Noble Truth in the Qur’an in order that we may be guided unto Him. His Mercy are enormous and uncountable. He has sent His Light and Guidance (the Qur’an) to us in order that we may be rightly guided unto the straight path.
This straight path begins with the knowledge of our Creator Himself, Allah (s.w.t.) Knowledge such as, how to worship Him in Islaam, and how not to commit the unforgiving sin of Shirk [association of partners with Allah (s.w.t.)]. He Has taught us how to pray to Him for proper direction and ask for His Forgiveness, and how to continuously ask of His Mercy and Bounties and Provisions. Perhaps the best way to summarize this conclusion is by referring to Suratul-Faatiha. According to most Islaamic scholars, Suratul-Faatiha has been named and described as “Ummul-Kitaab” (Mother of the Book). May Allah (s.w.t.) guide us all to His Straight Path. Aameen.
Sources: All Qur’anic Ayahs from; The Noble Qur’an (In The English Language) by Dr Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hila’li.